Bill C-223:
The next step for Basic Income 

With a new parliament comes a new bill for the creation of a national framework for Basic Income.

Last updated: December 20, 2021

"Whereas every person should have access to a livable basic income…

The Minister must develop a national framework for the implementation of a guaranteed livable basic income program throughout Canada”
On December 16, 2021 Member of Parliament Leah Gazan introduced Bill C-223, which if passed, would establish the first national framework for a Guaranteed Livable Basic Income for all persons over 17 across Canada. The same text was introduced as Senate Bill S-223 by Senator Kim Pate — a coordinated effort from within the House of Commons and the Senate for Basic Income and a first for our movement.

Sign and share the petition below
and tell your MP to vote YES on Bill C-223 and send it to Committee.

Step 2: Tweet Your MP

Bill C-223 for a Guaranteed Livable Basic Income

Key Features: 

  • “...for any person over the age of 17, including temporary workers, permanent residents and refugee claimants.”
  • “create national standards for health and social supports that complement a guaranteed basic income program”
  • “determine what constitutes a livable basic income for each region in Canada”
  • “to ensure that participation in education, training or the labour market is not required
  • does not result in a decrease in services or benefits meant to meet an individual’s exceptional needs related to health or disability.”

What would Bill C-223 do? 

If passed, this law would require the Minister of Finance, within one year, to create a Canada-wide framework for the implementation of a Guaranteed Livable Basic Income. Simply put, this means that the federal government would need to put together the standards and plan from which it, along with the other levels of government, could create Basic Incomes in their jurisdictions. 

It requires that the Minister consult all other relevant Ministers and their provincial counterparts; Indigenous elders and governing bodies; as well as policy and Basic Income experts. The report must also include any social, health or economic conclusions and recommendations that would complement the framework and guide the creation of a Basic Income scheme.

How can I help make sure Bill C-223 gets passed? 

Step 1: Use our tool on this page to email your MP
Step 2: Tweet your MP using our tool.
Step 3: Make noise on social media 
Share our post on Facebook, on Twitter, and Tweet your MP. We need to call out all MPs to make sure that when the time comes, they’ll vote YES on C-223.

At the end of the day it all comes down to how MPs vote. There will be multiple steps for this Bill, and it can be rejected at any stage. Your MP is supposed to represent your voice in Parliament, so the first and most important step is to let them know you want this bill passed. 

Read about what's new and what it won't do


What won't Bill C-223 do?
Like Bill C-273 before it, Bill C-223 is a Private Member’s Bill so it is limited in what it can force the government to do. In our system, only the government is allowed to raise taxes and spend money, so only the government is able to actually create a Basic Income.

That is why this bill does not detail how the GLBI would work, precisely who would get it, or how much it would cost and be paid for. However, this bill does require the government to take the first crucial step to convene all the necessary stakeholders, hash out the many complicated issues, and make an actual plan so that provinces, territories and the federal government can move forward together and create a Basic Income. 

Where can I read the text of Bill C-223?
Read the full text: National Framework for a Guaranteed Livable Basic Income Act.

What’s the difference between this and previous Bills and Motions? 
Like Bill C-273 and Motion 46 before it, this bill aims to pressure, or otherwise require, the government to formally start investigating and determining how a Basic Income should work and be implemented in Canada. However, neither of these two previous legislative attempts was passed: Motion 46 was defeated and Bill C-273 was not brought to a vote before Parliament ended because of the election. 

The differences between these pieces of legislation include, specifying who would qualify for a Basic Income, who must be consulted about creating these plans, and the timelines for doing so. 

In our opinion, Bill C-233 has two key new features. First, it recognizes Basic Income is not, in and of itself, a total solution to poverty and therefore requires that it be complimented by national standards for health and social supports that would work alongside the program. Second, it explicitly forbids the introduction of a Basic Income causing a reduction in the services or benefits people are receiving as part of exceptional health or disability programs. 

Timeline of Bill C-223 for a Guaranteed Livable Basic Income

First Reading

December 16, 2021

Bill C-223 is introduced in the House of Commons.

Second Reading

2022

MPs debate Bill C-223, ask questions, and vote on whether to bring it to committee.

Committee

The bill is sent to committee, where it may be revised and amended with the help of testimonies from experts.

Report

The committee sends the bill back to the House of Commons where all MPs can debate it and suggest more changes.

Third Reading

The bill is debated one last time and then MPs vote on it. If it receives 50% + 1 vote, it's as good as passed.

Senate

The bill goes through a similar process in the Senate, but much faster. The Senate usually won't vote down a bill which MPs have passed, but may suggest changes.

Royal Assent

The Governor General signs the bill into law!

Bill C-223 First Reading (Dec 16, 2021)

Press & Media

On Social Media

How Would Basic Income Help Canada?

A new report by the Canadian Centre for Economic Analysis (CANCEA) gives us a first ever look at the economic impacts of a national Basic Income in Canada.

1. Basic Income can grow the economy and create jobs.

Basic Income could grow Canada’s economy $80 billion a year — more than Canada’s tourism and hospitality industries combined — and create nearly 600,000 jobs in 5 years.

Read more
  • Basic Income could grow our economy $80 billion/year.
  • It could concurrently generate $400 billion in additional GDP within 5 years — or up to $2 trillion in 25 years.
  • Basic Income could add nearly 600,000 full-time equivalent within 5 years — or over 900,000 jobs in 25 years.

2. Basic Income can be good for business.

Putting money in Canadians’ hands lets them spend it in their local economies, which could cause private capital investments to increase up to $15 billion a year — more than double all Canadian venture capital investments a year.

Read more
  • Basic Income could add $32 billion/year on average in gross operating surplus (GOS) to Canada's businesses within 5 years — as much as the annual profits of our 3 biggest banks combined.
  • GOS could grow up to $745 billion in 25 years.
  • Basic Income could increase private capital investments (PCI) $15 billion/year on average within 5 years.
  • PCI could grow up to $336 billion in 25 years.

3. Basic Income is a raise for working Canadians.

Economic activity from Basic Income would cause businesses to hire, spending up to $32 billion a year in total wages— as much as the profits of our top 3 banks.

Read more
  • Basic Income could grow aggregate wages 2.6% in year 5 — or $32 billion a year on average over 5 years. Aggregate wages could grow up to $621 billion in 25 years.
  • 1.7M families earning between $10-19K from work could see their total income double (+114%).
  • 3.3M families earning between $20-29K from work could see their total income increase +34% on average.
  • Canadians earning up to $109,000/year could see their disposable income either increase — or decrease no more than 1.1%
  • Basic Income could increase disposable income $122 billion in 1 year for the bottom 60% of Canadians by income.

4. Basic Income can be a self-sustaining investment.

Basic Income could grow the economy more than it costs in the long term, making this a sustainable investment over time. It could generate $22 billion a year in new government revenues from new economic activity— as much as all EI Premiums paid by employees and employers.

Read more
  • The cost of Basic Income as a percentage of GDP could shrink over time, despite covering more Canadians, since economic growth from the program will increase faster than cost.
  • Basic Income could generate $22 billion a year in new government revenues.
  • It could add $109 billion in additional government revenues within 5 years — or up to $514 billion in 25 years.
  • Basic income can be funded with minimal tax increases, by using debt that can be paid down with new tax revenues — while growing the economy and raising incomes of most Canadians.

5. All while ending poverty and growing the middle class.

Basic Income could grow the economy sustainably while lifting 3.2 million families out of poverty and giving a raise to most Canadians.

Read more
  • 3.2M families lifted out of poverty — ending poverty.
  • 129,000 single-parent families lifted out of poverty — 85% of which are female-led.
  • 2.3M families in the lowest income bracket ($0-9K) could see their income at least triple.

Basic Income can grow the economy and create jobs.

Basic Income could grow Canada’s economy $80 billion a year — more than Canada’s tourism and hospitality industries combined — and create nearly 600,000 jobs in 5 years.

  • Basic Income could grow our economy $80 billion/year.
  • It could generate $400 billion in additional GDP within 5 years — or up to $2 trillion in 25 years.
  • Basic Income could add nearly 600,000 full-time equivalent within 5 years — or over 900,000 jobs in 25 years.

Basic Income can be a self-sustaining investment.

Basic Income could generate $22 billion a year in new government revenues — more per year all EI Premiums paid by employees and employers.

  • Basic Income could generate additional government revenues of $22 billion/year.
  • It could add $109 billion in additional government revenues within 5 years — or up to $514 billion in 25 years.
  • Basic income can be funded with minimal tax increases, by using debt that can be paid down with new tax revenues — while growing the economy and raising incomes of most Canadians.

Basic Income is a raise for working Canadians.

Basic Income could grow disposable income by $122 billion in 1 year for the bottom 60% of Canadians — more than the GDP of Canada’s restaurant industry.

  • Basic Income could increase disposable income $122 billion in 1 year for the bottom 60% of Canadians by income.
  • It could grow aggregate wages 2.6% by year 5 — or $32 billion/year per year over 5 years.
  • Basic Income could grow aggregate wages up to $621 billion, in 25 years.
  • Canadians earning up to $109,000/year could see their disposable income either increase — or decrease no more than 1.1%

Basic Income can be good for business.

Basic Income could grow Canadian businesses by $32 billion a year in gross operating surplus — more than the yearly profits of our 3 biggest banks combined.

  • Basic Income could grow Canada’s businesses by an average of $32 billion/year in gross operating surplus (GOS) within 5 years.
  • GOS could grow up to $745 billion in 25 years.
  • Basic Income could increase private capital investments (PCI) an average of $7 billion/year within 5 years — more than twice as much as the annual investments by Canadian venture capitalists.
  • PCI could grow up to $336 billion in 25 years.

All while ending poverty and growing the middle class.

Basic Income could grow the economy sustainably and support Canada’s businesses — all while lifting 3.2 million families out of poverty, ending poverty.

  • 3.2M families lifted out of poverty — ending poverty.
  • 129,000 single-parent families lifted out of poverty — 85% of which are female-led.
  • 2.3M families in the lowest income bracket ($0-9K) could see their income at least triple.
  • 1.7M families in 2nd-lowest income bracket ($10-19K) could see their income double.
  • 3.3M families in the 3rd-lowest income bracket ($20-29K) — by far the largest group by population — could see their income increase +34%.
Sign the Petition for Bill C-223

Support Us

Our Mission

To shift the conversation about basic income to recognize it as an economic need and economic opportunity, with the goal of seeing UBI implemented in Canada.

Our Why

We want a Canada where everyone can pursue their potential and not be held back by basic material constraints or unsafe environments.

Sign up to receive news and updates on Basic Income in Canada!

Sign up to become a Backer & Believer of Basic Income! Receive news and updates about UBI Works straight to your inbox.

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.